Meniscal Tears: Often happen during sport, and can occur when twisting, pivoting or being tackled. A tear may also occur as a result of arthritis or aging as the menisci weaken with age.
Tendon Tears: The quadriceps and patellar tendons can be stretched and torn. These tears are common among middle-aged people who play running or jumping sports. Direct force to the front of the knee, and landing awkwardly from a jump is common cause.
Fracture: Many fractures are caused by high energy trauma such as falls and collisions.
Dislocation: Occurs when the bones of the knee are out of place either completely or partially. Dislocations can be caused by an abnormality in the structure of a person’s knee or by high energy trauma such as falls or sports related contact.
The knee is one of the largest, strongest and most important joints in the body. The knee joins the thigh bone (femur) to the shin bone (tibia). Tendons connect the knee bones to the leg muscles that move the knee joint. Ligaments join the knee bones and provide stability to the knee. Movements at the knee joint are essential to everyday activities including walking, sitting and standing.
Pain and swelling are the most common signs of knee injury.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries: Often caused during sports activities, changing direction rapidly, or landing from a fall or jump incorrectly. Commonly occur along with damage to other structures of the knee.
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